The City of Cirebon
Cirebon city is located on the northern coast of Java Island, the eastern part of West Java. Cirebon city can be reached by road as far as 130 km from the city of Bandung and 258 km from the city of Jakarta. It is located at a strategic location and become a transportation node movement between West Java and Central Java. It is located in coastal areas make the city of Cirebon have a wider plateau region compared to the foothill region. The area of the city of Cirebon is 3735.82 hectares or ± 37 km2, with the dominant land use for housing (32%) and agricultural land (38%).
Cirebon (formerly referred to as Cheribon in English) is a port city on the north coast of the Indonesian island of Java. The urban core of Cirebon is very small in extent, however, its dense suburbs sprawl into the surrounding regency; the official metropolitan area encompasses this regency as well as the city and covers an area of 1,025.82 km2.
The seat of a former Sultanate, the city’s West and Central Java border location have seen its history influenced by both Sundanese and Javanese culture as well as Chinese. The remnants of Cirebon sultanate; Kasepuhan, Kanoman, Kaprabonan, and Kacirebonan kratons are now run as cultural institutions to preserve Cirebon culture. Each still hold their traditional ceremonies and have become the patrons of Cirebon arts. Some of the royal symbols of Cirebon Sultanate describe their legacy and influences. The banner of Cirebon Sultanate is called “Macan Ali” (Ali’s panther) with Arabic calligraphy arranged to resemble a panther or tiger. These indicate both Islamic influence and that of the Hindu Pajajaran Sundanese King Siliwangi’s tiger banner. The royal lineage of Cirebon is still well respected and is held in high prestige among the people of Cirebon, although it does not hold real political power anymore.
Cirebon City economy is influenced by its strategic geographical location and by the characteristics of natural resources. Thus, the structure of its economy is dominated by manufacturing, trade, hotels and restaurants, transport and communications and service sectors. Tomé Pires in the Suma Oriental around the year 1513 mentioned Cirebon was one of the trade centers on the island of Java. After Cirebon was taken over by the Dutch East Indies government in 1859, it was designated as a transit port for import-export goods and as a communications route to the political control center for the region in the interior of Java.
Until 2001, the economic contribution to the City of Cirebon was characterized by processing industry (41.32%), followed by trade, hotels and restaurants (29.8%), transport and communications sector (13.56%), and services sector (6.06%). Other sectors (9.26%) included mining, agriculture, construction, electricity, and gas.
(Source: West-Java Incorporated)